MPEG-4 Audio 关于esds 记录

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所属分类:安卓 音视频

当解析Mp4的时候,会碰到这个esds 的box,这个box 有很多信息。

当时是为了解决在MP4A中如何判断是acc还是 MP3

现在我把整理出来的信息发布出来供大家参考学习

在Audio Trak 的esds box中

首先是

1、version 和 flag 占4个字节 不使用就跳过

get_be32(m_it); /* version + flags */

 

2、MP4ESDescrTag 读取 MP4ESDescrTag tag 和 len 和附属内容

tag = get_byte(m_it);
    len = getTaglen();
    if (tag == MP4ESDescrTag) {
      get_be16(m_it); /* ID */
      get_byte(m_it); /* priority */
    } else
      get_be16(m_it); /* ID */

 

3、MP4DecConfigDescrTag 读取 MP4DecConfigDescrTag tag 和 len 和附属内容

tag = get_byte(m_it);
len = getTaglen();
    if (tag == MP4DecConfigDescrTag) {
      int object_type_id = get_byte(m_it);
      get_byte(m_it); /* stream type */
      get_byte(m_it); get_byte(m_it); get_byte(m_it); 
      get_be32(m_it); /* max bitrate */
      get_be32(m_it); /* avg bitrate */
      st->codec->codec_id= codec_get_id(ff_mp4_obj_type, object_type_id);

 

这边的附属内容我要说下 重要的是 这边对codec 解码进行了调整,id 对应表附件1,这边决定了MP3 或者 acc等

4、 MP4DecSpecificDescrTag 读取MP4DecSpecificDescrTag 和len 和附属内容

tag = get_byte(m_it);
len=getTagLen();
if (tag == MP4DecSpecificDescrTag) {
  st->codec->extradata = (uint8_t *)malloc(len);
  if (st->codec->extradata) {
  ReadData(st->codec->extradata, len,m_it);
  st->codec->extradata_size = len;
  int ad = *st->codec->extradata;
  int aa =*st->codec->extradata >> 3;
  if ((*st->codec->extradata >> 3) == 29) {
    st->codec->codec_id = CODEC_ID_MP3ON4;
  }
  if (st->codec->codec_id == CODEC_ID_AAC) {
    MPEG4AudioConfig cfg = {0};
    avpriv_mpeg4audio_get_config(&cfg, st->codec->extradata,
              st->codec->extradata_size, 1);
    st->codec->channels = cfg.channels;
            
// 	if (cfg.object_type == 29 && cfg.sampling_index < 3) // old mp3on4
//st->codec->sample_rate = avpriv_mpa_freq_tab[cfg.sampling_index];
// 	else if (cfg.ext_sample_rate)
// 	//st->codec->sample_rate = cfg.ext_sample_rate;
// 	else
// 	//st->codec->sample_rate = cfg.sample_rate;			
// 	if (!(st->codec->codec_id = ff_codec_get_id(mp4_audio_types,
// 		cfg.object_type)))
// 	st->codec->codec_id = AV_CODEC_ID_AAC;
  }
}

 

这边就严重了,这边如果是老的版本只需如此

int aa =*st->codec->extradata >> 3;
if ((*st->codec->extradata >> 3) == 29) {
  st->codec->codec_id = CODEC_ID_MP3ON4;
}

 

但是新的版本调整增加了很多内容

The Audio Specific Config is the global header for MPEG-4 Audio:
5 bits: object type
if (object type == 31)
    6 bits + 32: object type
4 bits: frequency index
if (frequency index == 15)
    24 bits: frequency
4 bits: channel configuration
var bits: AOT Specific Config

 

  • 主要如上 object type 读取5个bit object type列表见附件2(对codec解码器进行调整,MP3 还是ACC还是 MP3on4)
  • 然后 frequency index 读取4个bit frequency index 列表见 附件3(对采样率进行调整)
  • 最后channel 读取4个位 列表见附件4 (对声道数进行调整)

 

附件1

附件1
const MP4CodecTag ff_mp4_obj_type[] = {
{ CODEC_ID_MPEG4 , 32 },
{ CODEC_ID_H264 , 33 },
{ CODEC_ID_AAC , 64 },
{ CODEC_ID_MPEG2VIDEO, 96 }, /* MPEG2 Simple /
{ CODEC_ID_MPEG2VIDEO, 97 }, / MPEG2 Main /
{ CODEC_ID_MPEG2VIDEO, 98 }, / MPEG2 SNR /
{ CODEC_ID_MPEG2VIDEO, 99 }, / MPEG2 Spatial /
{ CODEC_ID_MPEG2VIDEO, 100 }, / MPEG2 High /
{ CODEC_ID_MPEG2VIDEO, 101 }, / MPEG2 422 /
{ CODEC_ID_AAC , 102 }, / MPEG2 AAC Main /
{ CODEC_ID_AAC , 103 }, / MPEG2 AAC Low /
{ CODEC_ID_AAC , 104 }, / MPEG2 AAC SSR /
{ CODEC_ID_MP3 , 105 }, / 13818-3 /
{ CODEC_ID_MPEG1VIDEO, 106 }, / 11172-2 /
{ CODEC_ID_MP3 , 107 }, / 11172-3 /
{ CODEC_ID_MJPEG , 108 }, / 10918-1 /
{ CODEC_ID_PNG , 109 },
{ CODEC_ID_JPEG2000 , 110 }, / 15444-1 */
{ CODEC_ID_VC1 , 163 },
{ CODEC_ID_VORBIS , 221 },
{ CODEC_ID_PCM_S16LE , 224 },
{ CODEC_ID_QCELP , 225 },
{ CODEC_ID_AC3 , 226 },
{ CODEC_ID_PCM_ALAW , 227 },
{ CODEC_ID_PCM_MULAW , 228 },
{ CODEC_ID_PCM_S16BE , 230 },
{ CODEC_ID_H263 , 242 },
{ CODEC_ID_H261 , 243 },
{ CODEC_ID_NONE, 0 },

};

 

附件2

MPEG-4 Audio Object Types:
● 0: Null
● 1: AAC Main
● 2: AAC LC (Low Complexity)
● 3: AAC SSR (Scalable Sample Rate)
● 4: AAC LTP (Long Term Prediction)
● 5: SBR (Spectral Band Replication)
● 6: AAC Scalable
● 7: TwinVQ
● 8: CELP (Code Excited Linear Prediction)
● 9: HXVC (Harmonic Vector eXcitation Coding)
● 10: Reserved
● 11: Reserved
● 12: TTSI (Text-To-Speech Interface)
● 13: Main Synthesis
● 14: Wavetable Synthesis
● 15: General MIDI
● 16: Algorithmic Synthesis and Audio Effects
● 17: ER (Error Resilient) AAC LC
● 18: Reserved
● 19: ER AAC LTP
● 20: ER AAC Scalable
● 21: ER TwinVQ
● 22: ER BSAC (Bit-Sliced Arithmetic Coding)
● 23: ER AAC LD (Low Delay)
● 24: ER CELP
● 25: ER HVXC
● 26: ER HILN (Harmonic and Individual Lines plus Noise)
● 27: ER Parametric
● 28: SSC (SinuSoidal Coding)
● 29: PS (Parametric Stereo)
● 30: MPEG Surround
● 31: (Escape value)
● 32: Layer-1
● 33: Layer-2
● 34: Layer-3
● 35: DST (Direct Stream Transfer)
● 36: ALS (Audio Lossless)
● 37: SLS (Scalable LosslesS)
● 38: SLS non-core
● 39: ER AAC ELD (Enhanced Low Delay)
● 40: SMR (Symbolic Music Representation) Simple
● 41: SMR Main
● 42: USAC (Unified Speech and Audio Coding) (no SBR)
● 43: SAOC (Spatial Audio Object Coding)
● 44: LD MPEG Surround
● 45: USAC

 

附件3

Sampling Frequencies
There are 13 supported frequencies:
● 0: 96000 Hz
● 1: 88200 Hz
● 2: 64000 Hz
● 3: 48000 Hz
● 4: 44100 Hz
● 5: 32000 Hz
● 6: 24000 Hz
● 7: 22050 Hz
● 8: 16000 Hz
● 9: 12000 Hz
● 10: 11025 Hz
● 11: 8000 Hz
● 12: 7350 Hz
● 13: Reserved
● 14: Reserved
● 15: frequency is written explictly

 

附件4
Channel Configurations
These are the channel configurations:
● 0: Defined in AOT Specifc Config
● 1: 1 channel: front-center
● 2: 2 channels: front-left, front-right
● 3: 3 channels: front-center, front-left, front-right
● 4: 4 channels: front-center, front-left, front-right, back-center
● 5: 5 channels: front-center, front-left, front-right, back-left, back-right
● 6: 6 channels: front-center, front-left, front-right, back-left, back-right, LFE-channel
● 7: 8 channels: front-center, front-left, front-right, side-left, side-right, back-left, back-right, LFE-channel
● 8-15: Reserved

 

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